Chakri Dynasty History
In the year 1782, the Chakri Dynasty came into existence in Thailand. King Rama I (Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke) is the founder of this dynasty. After the death of King Taksin, Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke occupied the throne and was crowned as King Rama I.
The first capital of Thailand is named as Ayutthaya, which remained to be the capital city of Thailand for 417 years. Ayutthaya survived many wars with the Burmese during this period and was occupied by them in the year 1767. Later, a Thai revival occurred within a few months and the Burmese were expelled by King Taksin. The King's weariness with war, made him undergo religious escapism. Many people rebelled against the King for lack of leadership and overthrew him. The young nobleman, Thong Duang, who became military Chakri, was elevated to the throne. He took the title "King Ramathibodi" and reigned as King Rama I from 1782 until 1809. The King was aware that Thonburi was vulnerable to Burmese attack. He established a new capital across the River Chaophraya and named it Krung Thep (Bangkok).
After the death of King Rama I in 1809, his son, King Phutthaloetla Naphalai (Rama II) came to power and reined till 1824. The King Nangklao (Rama III), developed trade with China and raised the demand for the domestic agricultural products. King Monkut (Rama IV) played a major role in the history of Thailand. He established good relations with European nations and started modernization in Thailand. His son, King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) and King Vajiravudh (Rama VI), continued this tradition. They took major decisions in modernization the city. Later King Prajadhipok (Rama VII), the brother of Rama VI occupied the throne. During his reign constitutional monarchy came into existence. After that, King Ananda Mahidol came into power and was assassinated during the year 1946. His younger brother King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) came to power and he remains still on the throne being respected by the people.