History Of Chinese New year In Thailand
Chinese New Year is the most auspicious festival for Chinese. Celebrated on the first day of the first lunar month in the Chinese calendar, these celebrations commemorate the arrival of another New Year that brings along joy and prosperity for the people. The celebrations continue for a fortnight and culminate on the 15th day, which is called Lantern Festival. Chinese New Year is a major annual festival that is celebrated with grandiose in several parts of Thailand. Even in countries such as Malaysia, Singapore, Korea, Vietnam, Philippines, Mongolia and Nepal, Chinese New Year is a major public holiday.
History of Chinese New Year in Thailand dates back to several centuries old when the early Chinese immigrants settled in this part of the world. Bangkok’s china town or Yawarat and Chinese community in the Nakhon Sawon province are some of the oldest Chinese settlements in Thailand. As the Sino-Thai trade and merchandise of precious goods such as fine porcelain, silk and Chinese tea flourished; there was an increase in permanent settlements of Chinese of various ethnic origins. However, these communities have continued their age-old traditions, customs, and rich culture that were followed by their ancestors. In Thailand, Chinese New Year celebrations are held over a period of four days. During this period, several features are displayed that remind the rich cultural, historical and artistic legacy of the Chinese. Golden Dragon Processions are a treat to watch.
The central objective of Chinese New Year celebrations is worshipping Chinese deities, guardian spirits and ancestors. Ritual offerings are made in the hope of health, longevity, wealth and prosperity of the country and the community. Performances such as classical Chinese music and dance, Chinese opera, drama, traditional folk songs and dance, screening of Chinese films, Lion Dance and burning of fire crackers are all part of these celebrations.