History Of Thailand Timeline is fascinating. Thailand was once upon a time known as Siam. In 1949 the country’s name was changed to Thailand. Thai means “Free” and roughly translated Thailand means “The land of Freedom”. The people who were once referred to as Siamese are now called “Thai”.
There are a number of conflicting stories regarding the origin of Thailand. According to some theories, the people have their roots in China some 4500 years ago. As China forced out, they moved down south to the place called “Thai Noi”. They made Sukhothai their capital and settled there. However, other theories say that people from Thailand migrated to China and other cities and not the other way round. This debate continues till today and there is still a lot of ambiguity about the origin of Thailand.
By the 13th century, the Thais had settled down in the northern part of Asia under the rule of Ramkhamhaeng the Great who reigned from 1275 to 1315. The reign of this king is said to be a golden era in the history of Thailand. After his reign a new dynasty came into existence in the year 1350 which was led by the King Ramathibodi. He changed the capital from Sukhothai to Ayutthaya. Ayutthaya survived several wars with the Burmese. Later, King Taksin occupied the throne of Thailand. During his reign he changed the capital from Ayutthaya to Thon Buri.
In 1782, he was succeeded by the King Phra Buddha Yodfah Chulaloke and this King changed the location of the capital city. He moved the city across the river and brought it to the current location to Bangkok. This was to protect the capital from marauding Burmese army. The capital has not changed ever since and Bangkok has become an extremely popular tourist destination for tourists from all corners of the globe.